Study explores how over-tourism affects residents and impacts how welcoming cities are to tourists.
October 31st has been designated by the United Nations as World Cities Day, with the theme ‘Innovative Governance, Open Cities’. To mark the occasion, TravelBird releases this study to further the discussion about sustainable tourism and global urbanisation. Singapore is revealed as the most welcoming city, successfully managing their high visitor levels with the best airport in the world and cultivation of a safe city ecosystem.
Online travel specialists TravelBird have released a study ranking international cities according to how welcome they are in relation to their levels of over-tourism. To create the ranking, TravelBird first analysed the global top 500 tourist destinations (taken from the UN-WTO) based on factors that can make a visitor feel welcome, such as a welcoming port of entry (airport, train station etc.), citizens’ happiness, safety, openness to host tourists, and English language proficiency. Furthermore, they ran an expert poll asking over 15 000 travel journalists how welcoming they found each city based on their personal experiences. TravelBird then weighted all of these factors with a formula that measures over-tourism in each destination to determine the final ranking of 100 cities. This research highlights a precise selection of popular cities around the world in order to give an international overview, meaning there are undoubtedly many welcoming cities not included in this study.
When a city reaches its capacity for the number of tourists it can carry, issues such as overcrowding, lengthy queues at attractions, and increased living costs start to occur. This can negatively affect the daily lives of local residents and therefore impact how welcoming the city is to tourists. To determine a quantifiable figure for an issue as complex as over-tourism, TravelBird specifically looked into the tourism carrying capacity of each city. This was calculated by comparing the following factors: number of residents compared to the number of tourists during the peak season, which indicates levels of overcrowding. Next they looked at number of licensed hotel beds in addition to the number of peer-to-peer rental beds (per sq km), which indicates if the city has adequate tourist accommodation. Following this, they conducted a second representative poll asking local residents how tourism has positively or negatively impacted their daily lives, and used this data to create a weighted average that contributed to the city’s total over-tourism score.
Says TravelBird CEO Steven Klooster, “We undertook this study as the first step towards a more sustainable future. It’s a call-to-action to ourselves and to fellow tour operators, to residents and local governments in those places that are worst affected by over-tourism, to work together to find solutions to this problem. We believe tourism can have a positive impact on local destinations; with a clear understanding of the issues at hand, innovative thinking and commonsense legislation, we can preserve and protect them for the future.”
Johannesburg, South Africa ranks 80/100, with a total score of 5.07. The rankings are from 1 to 100, and the lower the rank, the more welcoming the city. Each factor is scored from 1 to 10, and the higher the score, the better the city ranks for that factor:
|Expert Opinion||Port of entry||Safety||Happiness||English Proficiency||Opennes To Host Tourists At home||Tourism Carrying Capacity|
|Comparable Rank out of 100|
The full results can be found here: https://travelbird.nl/most-welcoming-cities/
Related article: Joburg ranked top African city
Source: TravelBird.nl Image: Pixabay